数字图书馆
两学一做

南宁市第二人民医院、广西医科大学第三附属医院、广西医科大学第三临床医学院&。始建于1952年,是一所集医疗、急救、教学、科研、预防、保健、康复为一体的三级甲等综合性医院&。担负着江南区医疗、保健、防疫和南宁市及周围十几个县的医疗、急救任务&。1993年起成为广西医科大学第三附属医院,1997年医院获南宁市级首家三级甲等医院,先后获得… [详细]

地理位置

当前位置:科室介绍首页 >> 医技科 >> 输血科 >> 正文

二孩时代你应该知道的ABC

2016-11-14 11:25:59   作者:输血科 卓能逵   来源:南宁市第二人民医院   浏览量:166

A、孕妇与血栓形成

Pregnant women are at increased risk for thrombotic events, including deep venous thrombosis. The risk continues after delivery and has been thought to be highest during the 6 weeks postpartum. When does it return to baseline?

孕妇是发生血栓形成的高危人群,包括深静脉血栓&。其风险在分娩后还是存在的,产后六周内达高峰&。什么时候会回到基线?

In a recent analysis of a large database of 1.7 million pregnant women, the thrombotic risk remained elevated through 12weeks postpartum, after which time the risk was no longer significantly elevated.

最近的一个有170万孕妇参加的大样本分析显示,血栓形成的风险一直持续到产后12周,之后就不再有明显升高(N Engl J Med, 2014,370:1307)&。

B、妊娠期静脉血栓栓塞症的抗凝治疗

Why treatment with oral anticoagulation for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is generally avoided during pregnancy?

为什么怀孕期间尽量避免用口服抗凝药治疗静脉血栓栓塞症(VTE)?

The treatment of VTE with oral anticoagulation is generally avoided during pregnancy due to the teratogenic effects in the first trimester and the risks of fetal intracranial bleeding in the third trimester.

怀孕期间尽量避免用口服抗凝药治疗静脉血栓栓塞症(VTE,因为它有致畸作用,妊娠晚期可以导致胎儿颅内出血&。(Hematology,2013,2013:457

C、妊娠期检测母体Rh血型的重要性

When Rh-positive fetal blood enters the circulation of an Rh-negative mother, maternal anti-D antibodies are process, called sensitization or alloimmunization. Have on the pregnancy during which it occurs?

Rh血型阳性胎儿血进入一个Rh血型阴性母亲的血液循环时,母亲将产生抗D抗体&。这个被称为致敏或同种免疫过程&。对发生这一反应的妊娠有什么影响?

Sensitization usually has no adverse effects during the pregnancy in which it occurs but results an amplified immune response if further maternal exposure to the D antigen occurs during a subsequent pregnancy.

致敏通常对发生致敏过程的怀孕没有不良影响,但在下次妊娠时如果再次接触D抗原,将产生增强的免疫反应(Ann Emerg Med,2013,59:285

PS:在以后的妊娠中,母体内的抗D抗体将进入胎儿,导致胎儿溶血(新生儿Rh血型溶血&。ㄊ溲 卓能逵)

责任编辑:莫伟杰
关闭